One of the main products from the NSF EarthCube LinkedEarth grant was the creation of data standards for paleoclimate data.
A data standard is actually comprised of three components:
A representation for the data, such as LiPD and its associated ontology <http://linkedearth.github.io/Ontology/release/index.html>.
A standard vocabulary for the data, which has been developed by NOAA (PaST Thesaurus)
Standard guidelines for reporting of the data, which are provided by PaCTS crowdsourced standard for the reporting of paleoclimate data (PaCTS). The work involved 135 researchers worldwide and was highlighted by the American Geophysical Union (AGU)’s research highlights and at the Fall Meeting 2019.